Complete History of Georgia (US. State)

Complete History of Georgia (US. State): – Georgia is a southeastern U.S. state whose terrain spans coastal beaches, farmland and mountains. Capital city Atlanta is home of the Georgia Aquarium and the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historic Site, dedicated to the African-American leader’s life and times. The city of Savannah is famed for its 18th- and 19th-century architecture and leafy public squares. Augusta hosts the Masters golf tournament. 

Complete History of  Georgia (US. State)
Complete History of Georgia (US. State)


GovernorBrian Kemp (Republican Party)

Population: 1.08 crores (2021)

SenatorsRaphael Warnock (Democratic Party), Jon Ossoff (Democratic Party)

Colleges and UniversitiesGeorgia Institute of Technology

Map of Georgia

Georgia Cities:

Cities with populations over 10,000 include: Albany, Alpharetta, Americus, Athens, Atlanta, Augusta, Bainbridge, Brunswick, Buford, Carrollton, Cartersville, College Park, Columbus, Cordele, Covington, Dalton, Decatur, Douglas , Douglasville, Dublin, Duluth, East Point, Forest Park, Gainesville, Griffin, Hinesville, Kennesaw, Kingsland, La Grange, Lawrenceville, Lilburn, Macon, Marietta, Milledgeville, Monroe, Moultrie, Newnan, Peachtree City, Powder Springs, Rome, Roswell, Saint Marys, Savannah, Smyrna, Snellville, Statesboro, Thomasville, Tifton, Union City, Valdosta, Vidalia, Warner Robins and Waycross.

Georgia Interstates:

North-South interstates include: Interstate 59, Interstate 75, Interstate 85, Interstate 95 and Interstate 185. East-West interstates include: Interstate 16 and Interstate 20.

Georgia Routes:

US Highways and State Routes include: Route 1, Route 17, Route 19, Route 23, Route 25, Route 27, Route 27A, Route 29, Route 41, Route 76, Route 78, Route 80, Route 82, Route 84, Route 129, Route 221, Route 278, route 280, Route 301, Route 319, Route 341, Route 378 and Route 441.

Cities and Towns in Georgia

Atlanta Midtown seen from Piedmont Park
Atlanta Midtown viewed from Piedmont Park. Atlanta is Georgia’s capital and most populous city.
Image: Mike The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Georgia:

Largest cities are Atlanta (420,000), Augusta (192,000), Columbus (190,000), Savannah (136,000), and Athens (116,000).

Other cities and towns in Georgia

Albany, Alma, Alpharetta, Americus, Bainbridge, Blakely, Bremen, Brunswick, Cairo, Calhoun, Carrollton, Cartersville, Cedartown, Cordele, Covington, Dalton, Dawson, Douglas, Dublin, East Point, Eatonton, Fort Valley, Gainesville, Griffin, Hinesville, Homerville, Jesup, Kingsland, La Grange, Macon, Marietta, Martinez, McRae, Milledgeville, Monroe, Moultrie, Newnan, Peachtree City, Perry, Rome, Roswell, Sandersville, Smyrna, Statesboro, Swainsboro, Sylvania, Thomasville, Tifton, Toccoa, Valdosta, Vidalia, Warner Robins, Waycross, and Waynesboro.

Complete History of Georgia (US. State)

CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Georgia
Admitted to the UnionJanuary 2, 1788 (4th)
(and largest city)
Largest metro and urban areasAtlanta
 • GovernorBrian Kemp (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorGeoff Duncan (R)
LegislatureGeorgia General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciarySupreme Court of Georgia
U.S. senatorsJon Ossoff (D)Raphael Warnock (D)
U.S. House delegation8 Republicans
6 Democrats (list)
 • Total59,425 sq mi (153,909 km2)
 • Land57,906 sq mi (149,976 km2)
 • Water1,519 sq mi (3,933 km2)  2.6%
Area rank24th
 • Length298 mi (480 km)
 • Width230 mi (370 km)
Elevation600 ft (180 m)
Highest elevation (Brasstown Bald[1][2])4,784 ft (1,458 m)
Lowest elevation (Atlantic Ocean[1])0 ft (0 m)
Population (2020)
 • Total10,711,908[3]
 • Rank8th
 • Density185.2/sq mi (71.5/km2)
 • Density rank18th
 • Median household income$56,183[4]
 • Income rank33rd
 • Official languageEnglish
 • Spoken languageEnglish
Spanish (7.42%)
Other (2.82%)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviationGA
ISO 3166 codeUS-GA
Traditional abbreviationGa.
Latitude30.356–34.985° N
Longitude80.840–85.605° W


With over half the state covered in pine trees and more commercial forestland than any other state, it’s no wonder Georgia is known for its lumber, resins, and turpentine, which all come from trees.

Georgia grows the most peanuts in the United States, and it’s also the country’s largest producer of kaolin clay, which is often used in paper-making and beauty products.


Cute bobcat standing on a rock

Black bears, bobcats, deer, and gophers are common in Georgia, and off the coast you can spot manatees right whales, and humpback whales. Georgia is also home to bald eagles peregrine falcons and woodpeckers.

Some trees you’re likely to see include live oak trees, magnolias, cottonwoods, sugar maples, and gum trees. But what’s that spooky-looking vine all over them? It’s Spanish moss, and it depends on trees for its water and nutrients. It doesn’t kill the tree, but the moss can shade the tree’s leaves and can sometimes cause branches to break off. Kudzu is another common vine, and this one is a really bad neighbor. This invasive species is sometimes called “the plant that ate the South” because of the way it grows up and over anything in its path, blocking sunlight and eventually smothering it.



200+Common Mexican Last Names

What major historical events happened in Georgia?

1733 – James Oglethorpe establishes the city of Savannah and the British colony of Georgia. 1776 – Georgia signs the Declaration of Independence from Britain. 1788 – Georgia ratifies the Constitution and joins the United States as the 4th state. 1829 – Gold is found in northern Georgia and the Georgia Gold Rush begins.

Who founded Georgia USA?

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James Oglethorpe

In the 1730s, England founded the last of its colonies in North America. The project was the brain child of James Oglethorpe, a former army officer.